Freed Slave Emigrants to Samana

Historian Martha Willmore describes the lives of the 1824 freed slave emigrants to Samana in the Dominican Republic. Interview by Dr. Dana Minaya of the Samana College Research Center.

Resources for further study:
Copelain, Daniel, A letter written from Samaná on May 10, 1825 to Rev. Richard Allen–Communicated for the United States Gazette, Genius of Universal Emancipation August 1825, Vol. 4, Issue 11, p. 174
Demorizi, Emilio Rodriguez, Samaná, Pasado y Porvenir, Santo Domingo: Impreso en la Editora del Caribe, 1973
Dewey, Loring D., Correspondence Relative to the
Emigration to Hayti of the Free People of Colour in
the United Sates Together with the Instructions to the Agent Sent Out by President Boyer, New York: Mahlon Day, 1824, 32 pages
Hazard, Samuel, Santo Domingo, Past and Present, with a Glance at Hayti. New York:  Harper & Brothers, 1873
Hoetink, H., Americans in Samaná in Caribbean
Studies, Vol.II, No. 1, April 1962
Long, Richard A., Haiti and Black Americans:
relations and encounters [microform], Atlanta:
Atlanta University, 1975
Miller, Floyd J., The Search for a Black Nationality:
Black Emigration and Colonization, 1787-1863.
Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1975
Nash, Gary B., Forging Freedom: The Formation of
Philadelphia’s Black Community, 1720-1840. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1988
Pamphile, Leon D., Haitians and African Americans:  A Heritage of Tragedy and Hope. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001
Parsons, Elsie Clews, ‘Spirituals from the ‘American
Colony of Samaná Bay, Santo Domingo, JAFL, Vol. 41
Stephens, Jean, ‘La Emigracion de Negros Libertos
Norteamericanos a Haiti en 1824-1825, Revista
EME-EME, V. 3 #14 pages 40-71, September-October 1974
Winch, Julie, American Free Blacks and Emigration to
Haiti. San Germ’n: Centro de investigaciones del
Caribe y America Latina. Universidad  Interamericana
de Puerto Rico, 1988
Winch, Julie, Philadelphia’s Black Elite.
Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988
Quotes a letter by Dr. Belfast Burton, in a letter to the Rev. Richard Allen from Samaná
(“Emigration to Hayti–No. VI” Genius of Universal Emancipation, June 1825, Vol. 4, Issue 9, p. 132-3)

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